Year Identified: 2001
Each research project listed below will include a graphic of the research continuum. The gold box indicates where this project falls on the continuum, illustrating its progress towards reaching people living with Usher syndrome, from "Bench to Bedside."
Zebrafish Model for USH1F
Monte Westerfield, Ph.D.:
Institute of Neuroscience at University of Oregon
Westerfield and his team at the Institute of Neuroscience and Department of Biology at the University of Oregon are focusing on creating zebrafish models of multiple Usher syndrome mutations including USH1F. The Usher 1F Collaborative has funded the creation of a zebrafish model with USH1F R245X mutation that is carried by approximately 2% of those with Ashkenazi Jewish descent. Westerfield and his team, including Jennifer Phillips Ph.D. are now beginning the testing of drugs on the zebrafish that have potential to halt or slow the progression of vision loss.
Dr. Monte Westerfield's Lab Page
Mouse Model with USH1F
Zubair Ahmed, Ph.D.:
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Ahmed and his team at the University of Maryland have developed a mouse model of the most prevalent USH1F mutation. They are now using the mouse model to test potential gene therapies. Additionally, in collaboration with Dr. Westerfield they are also testing drug therapies. He is also working to develop a mini gene for gene replacement for USH1F.
Gene Therapy for USH1F
Edwin Stone, M.D., Ph.D.:
University of Iowa
Stone and his team at the University of Iowa are working to develop a cure for USH1F along with other types of retinitis pigmentosa. They are working to halt further retinal degeneration from USH1F through gene replacement and to repair damaged retinal photoreceptor cells with new cells made from the patient's own skin cells with the goal of a clinical trial once safety and efficacy are determined.
The University of Iowa Institute for Vision Research
Gene Replacement Therapy for USH1F
Livia Carvalho, Ph.D.:
University of Western Australia
Carvalho and team at University of Western Australia are collaborating with Zubair Ahmed Ph.D, from University of Maryland to develop gene replacement therapy for USH1F. She has developed a dual vector gene replacement therapy, which. Dr. Ahmed. is testing for efficacy on the USH1F mouse model.
Dr. Livia Carvalho's Lab Page
Developing a Split Dual Vector System for Gene Replacement
Leah Byrne, Ph.D.:
University of Pittsburgh
Foundation Fighting Blindness Individual Investigator Research Award Recipient
Byrne and team at the University of Pittsburgh are developing. a split gene dual vector system for gene replacement. Her unique approach increases the efficiency of viral vector co-infection, increasing efficacy of large gene expression. Once completed Zubair Ahmed Ph.D. will test her vectors for efficacy in the USH1F mouse model.
Dr. Leah Byrne's Lab Page
Developing Several Approaches to Gene Therapy for USH1F
David Corey, Ph.D.:
Harvard Medical School
Corey and his team at Harvard Medical School have spent years studying protocadherin 15, the USH1F gene, in relation to hearing. have decided to pursue research on treating the vision loss of USH1F after attending Usher 1F Collaborative's May 2017 researchers symposium. Dr. Corey and his team are working on three approaches to gene therapy: mini genes, split genes, and gene editing. He has begun testing of mini genes for efficacy in the zebrafish from the Westerfield Lab.
Dr. David Corey's Lab Page
Gene Editing for USH1F
Alex Hewitt, Ph.D.:
Center Eye Research Australia
Hewitt and team at the Center Eye Research Australia (CERA) have obtained a grant from the Australian government to support his USH1F research. Utilizing this money, he is working on gene editing to effectively treat the vision loss of Usher 1F.
Function of Usher Syndrome protein PCDH15 in photoreceptor maintenance
Vincent Tropepe Ph.D.:
University of Toronto
Vincent Tropepe has received funding from the Fighting Blindness Canada to conduct research using zebrafish to study Usher 1F.
From Fighting Blindness Canada's website:
Dr. Tropepe will be studying how mutations in the Pcdh15b gene – a gene that affects approximately 20% of patients with USH1- impacts photoreceptor structure and function in zebrafish. Early experiments have shown that zebrafish that don’t have functional Pcdh15b have progressive loss of photoreceptors.
Dr. Tropepe is in the process of completing a detailed analysis of how the structure and function of photoreceptors is different in zebrafish with mutations in the Pcdh15b gene. He will then identify the network of proteins that interacts with Pcdh15b to help scientists understand the molecular machinery that keeps photoreceptor cells healthy.
Lastly, Dr. Tropepe’s team will add back a functional copy of the gene to photoreceptors to see if this restores vision in zebrafish with Pcdh15b mutations. The results of these experiments will give scientists important information about if a gene therapy approach could work as a treatment for USH1f vision loss.
USH1F-Related Science News
“By creating a genetic model of USH1F using zebrafish, we can investigate how photoreceptors develop and function over time in the absence of a functional Pcdh15b gene. This will allow us to better understand how the retinal disease process is unfolding in children with USH1F.” - Vincent Tropepe, PhD
The Bertarelli Foundation has awarded collaborative research grants to four teams of scientists from Harvard Medical School (HMS) and the Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology in Basel, Switzerland, all focused on understanding and treating some of the most devastating sensory disorders such as Usher syndrome. Two HMS neurobiologists, studying the origins of deafness—David Corey and Arthur Indzhykulian—are joining forces with Botond Roska, an expert on retinal biology and eye disease at the Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology in Basel, Switzerland to develop treatments for Usher syndrome type 1F. The researchers will focus on developing gene therapy aimed at overcoming a hurdle that has hindered therapeutic efforts so far: the unusually large Usher 1F protein.
What this means for Usher syndrome: This research could open the door for development of therapies to treat Usher 1F.
Jennifer Phillips, Ph.D." on defining “Failure”: Disclosing when things don’t work and understanding WHY is a really important, though often overlooked realm of research. Here are a couple of USH1 research stories from today’s presentations that illustrate that point.